Dnepr MT (KMZ) VS Ural (IMZ): What’s the Difference?

a hot girl next to a motorcycle with a sidecar

Hi folks! I’ve noticed that lots of people simply can’t tell the difference between Dnepr MT and Ural motorcycles. So, this post should help you figure out how to distinguish those bikes once and for all.

Why Do Those Motorcycles Have So Much in Common?

Personally I can name two main reasons for this. As I’ve already mentioned in the post about the history of cossack motorcycles, both Dnepr MT and Ural motorcycles share the same predecessor – BMW R71. This is the reason #1. Additionally, both motorcycles were built in the soviet union. And everything in that gods-forgotten country that luckily became history – cars, houses, clothes, lives – was almost identical. Heavy motorcycles with sidecars were no exception, so this is the reason #2.

How to Tell Dnipro MT (KMZ) from Ural (IMZ) at a Glance?highlighting the differences between Dnepr MT and Ural

The easiest way is to take a look at the engine. If valve covers look more like rectangles, you’re looking at Dnepr MT (at least the engine is from Dnepr MT). And if valve covers are rounded, this engine (and probable the bike itself) is from Ural. Please see the picture to find the difference in valve covers.

comparing Dnepr and Ural wheel hubsvalve covers of Dnepr and UralYou can also check the wheels to identify a bike. Both Dnepr and Ural motorcycles (except some latest Ural models) have drum brakes, yet the design of the hubs differs. The sides of Dnepr hubs are identical, while Ural hubs have space for drum brakes only on the right side. It should be mentioned that Dnepr hubs are more efficient in cooling down the brakes due to their shape. My English is probably too horrible for you to understand what I’m trying to say, so check the image to see the difference.

difference between Dnepr and Ural swingarmsWhile both engine and wheels can be replaced, there is one difference that can’t be overcome so easily. I’m talking about the rear part of the frame, about the rear swingarm if to be precise. That’s exactly what the rear wheel is attached to. Dnepr has the swingarm bar “inside” the frame, while Ural has this bar installed on the outter sides of the frame. Check the picture to get what I’m saying.

What Other Differences Do These Bikes Have?

Most differences are connected with the engines. Dnepr crankshafts are solid, while Ural crankshafts are composite (yet, they can’t be dismantled). Oil systems are also different. The one that Dnepr has is more efficient. One of the things that usually mentioned is that Ural has an oil filter and Dnepr doesn’t. Personally I don’t see any problem here because Dnepr has a special centrifuge to clean the oil and from my experience this thing is actually pretty efficient.

Gear boxes are also quite different and I should say that Dnepr gear boxes are much better than the ones installed on Urals. First of all, a Dnepr gear box has a semi-automatic clutch release mechanism that allows you to change gears without pushing the clutch lever. Another important benefit is that Dnepr gear box has a reverse gear (only few Urals have a reverse gear and its reliability is much worse). It’s especially important for those who ride bikes without sidecars because there is a possibility to replace a reverse gear with a fifth gear drastically increasing the performance of the bike. One more benefit I can think of is the facts that Dnepr gear boxes are much easier to get repaired.

There are some other minor ones, like the shape of a gas tank, seats, differential, etc., but the ones I mentioned are the most important to my mind.

What Should I Buy: Dnepr MT or Ural?

My personal choice is Dnipro MT because of a more solid frame, much better gear box and more powerful engine, which btw has much more potential for upgrading. It might be harder to get high quality spare parts for Dnepr than for Ural, but it’s not actually a problem when you know where to search. You see, I’m fond of custom bikes and Dnepr is an ideal base for any custom project because it’s cheap, reliable, unique and has great potential for upgrading. Yet, that’s just my opinion. If you have an opposite opinion, please do share it with me and other readers via comments. Anyway, both bikes are worth being talked about.

As always, if I forgot to mention something or you need additional info, leave a comment or contact me directly.

Ride safe,


P.S. If you find this info useful, please do me a favor, like/share/tweet it in your social networks.

Alex White
Alex White
I'm just a guy who values 3 things in life: girls, bikes and freedom. I get them all with my custom-built Dnipro MT. Cossack motorcycles are truly unique and reliable bikes if being treated right, and I decided to create this blog and share my vast experience and love for cossack bikes with other bikers all over the world. Need my help or advice? Contact me via skype or email.


  1. Jed Taylor says:

    I enjoyed this blog, very informative. I have owned a 650cc ural, dnepr mt9, mt11 and cj750. Dnepr is far superior in my opinion alzo, it has a much sturdier feel and build. I currently have a kmz k750 that I am building, I look forward to seeing what the early dnepr is like now!

    • Alex White says:

      Hi Jed,

      Congrats on owning a K750 🙂 Though it has only 26 HP, it’s very powerful on low RPM. Those folks who use it as a solo bike, install the 10×35 FD gears or even the 5-speed gearbox. This allows having a pretty fast speed at rather low RPM.

    • jeff says:

      hello jed could you help me by telling me how to addjust tappets on my dnepr mt9 6 v 1970 if you know as i am well confused some one told they are different from dneprs thanks jeff sorry to trouble you

      • Alex White says:

        Hey Jeff,

        if I’m not mistaken, your MT9 has no difference in term of tappets comparing to MT10 and MT11. They all have the same OHV boxer twin engine.

        The tappet gaps should be 0,07mm (in) and 0,1mm (out) on a cold engine.

  2. Alex Wright says:

    Hi can you help me. I need to identify my friends bike as i need to get it working. From you post i think its a dnieper kmz750 could i send you some photos?
    Thanks alex

  3. Rotch says:

    Just got a dnepr 11 runs great,go anywhere.is there anything I should be aware of with this bike.

    • Alex White says:

      Hey Rotch,

      Congrats on your new bike! We’ll keep an eye on the oil levels in the engine, gearbox and final drive. That’s probably the most important thing for you now.

  4. Pierluigi Scaratti says:

    Hi, I would like to know more on 2 well drive differential and semi-automatic gear on this dnepr model:
    – ks750;
    – MT series.
    and more :
    it’s possible put the dnieper diffrential on ural?
    thanks in advances

    • Alex White says:

      Hey Pierluigi,

      K-750 doesn’t have the semi-automatic clutch feature. This feature was installed on MT-9 and later models (or even MT-10 and later models) only. Though you can buy a Dnipro gearbox with this feature and install this gearbox on your K-750 or Ural motorcycle.

      2 WD Dnipro MT final drives can be bought and installed on a Ural motorcycle.

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